Plants perennial. Stems 1 to few, 20-57 cm, erect, retrorse villous. Petiole 1-13 cm; leaf blade hastate to narrowly ovate, 3.5-11 × 2-5 cm, densely red-brown glandular, adaxially densely white pubescent when young, pubescent with age, abaxially densely white pubescent when young, glabrous except for puberulent veins, base shallowly cordate to hastate, margin irregularly crenulate, apex acute to short acuminate. Inflorescences densely spreading villous, glandular pilose; verticillasters 2-flowered, widely spaced, in terminal racemes or panicles 1-15 cm; bracts broadly ovate, 6-9 mm, slightly pilose, red-brown glandular, ciliate, apex abruptly acuminate. Pedicel ca. 2 mm. Calyx campanulate, (1-)1.3-1.6 cm, villous especially on veins, red-brown glandular; upper lip broadly triangular, 4-5 × ca. 9 mm, margin entire, apex mucronate; lower lip slightly longer than upper, teeth triangular, apex mucronate. Corolla purplish, 2-2.3 cm, pubescent; tube obliquely and continuously pilose annulate inside, ca. 1.6 cm, ca. 2.5 mm wide at base, adaxially gradually dilated to apex, slightly constricted, ca. 8 mm wide at throat; upper lip obcordate, ca. 3 × 5 mm; lower lip enlarged, ca. 5 × 11 mm; middle lobe subflabellate, ca. 3 × 6 mm, undulate; lateral lobes semicircular, to 3 mm. Filaments ca. 5 mm; connectives 1.8-2 mm, arms equal. Style slightly exserted. Nutlets obovoid, ca. 2 mm, black. Fl. Jun-Jul.
Salvia brachyloma is a perennial plant that is native to Yunnan and Sichuan provinces in China, growing on grassy slopes and forested grasslands at 3,200 to 3,800 m (10,500 to 12,500 ft) elevation. The plant grows on one to a few stems from 20 to 57 cm (7.9 to 22 in) tall. The leaves are hastate to narrowly ovate, ranging in size from 3.5 to 11 cm (1.4 to 4.3 in) long and 2 to 5 cm (0.79 to 2.0 in) wide.
Inflorescences are widely spaced 2-flowered verticillasters on terminal racemes or panicles that grow up to 15 cm (5.9 in) long. The corolla is purplish, 2 to 2.3 cm (0.79 to 0.91 in) long.
^"Lamiaceae". Flora of China (Harvard University) 17: 157. 1994.