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Lamiaceae Taxonomy Browser
Catoferia (Benth.) Benth.
Catoferia is a small genus of plants in the Lamiaceae family composed of only four different species. First described in full by George Bentham in 1876, said species are native to southern Mexico, Central America, Colombia and Peru. Amongst all four species, only the Catoferia Chiapensis variety or 'Chiapas' are known grow across a wide area, their growth recorded in Southern Mexico, Guatemala, Peru and Belize. Growth of the other three variants is believed to be limited to Southern Mexico. The beginnings of the Catoferia variety is thought trace back to the cretatious era, making it around 55 to 65 million years old. 
- Catoferia capitata (Benth.) Hemsl. - Veracruz, Oaxaca, Chiapas, Belize, Guatemala, Peru
- Catoferia chiapensis A.Gray ex Benth. - Chiapas, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras
- Catoferia martinezii Ramamoorthy - Guerrero
- Catoferia spicata (Benth.) Benth. - Colombia, Peru
The shrub can usually be identified by its flower's exaggerated, protruding stamens and very large, circular sepals (the outer layer surrounding the petal) Petals belonging to plants of this genome typically curve inwards, the species said to be very similar to the Orthosiphon variety of the Lamiaceae, the latter better known as the Deadnettle or Mint family. Shrubs in this group are usually 0.5 and 2 meters tall, with a stem thickness of approximately 3mm. They may also carry spikes ranging from 1.5-5.5 centimeters.
- ^ lectotype designated by Epling, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 85: 320 (1937) .
- ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
- ^ Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera. 2012. Rubiaceae a Verbenaceae. 4(2): i–xvi, 1–533. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Flora Mesoamericana. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
- ^ Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
- ^ García-Mendoza, A. J. & J. Meave del Castillo. 2011. Diversidad Florística de Oaxaca: de Musgos a Angispermas 1–351. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria
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