Polar constituents from the aerial parts of Origanum vulgare L. ssp hirtum growing wild in Greece

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2006
Authors:C. Koukoulitsa, Karioti, A., Bergonzi, M. Camilla, Pescitelli, G., Di Bari, L., Skaltsa, H.
Journal:J Agr Food Chem
Date Published:Jan
Keywords:Acid, Hydroxyjasmonic Acid, Lamiaceae, Leaf, Monoterpene Glucosides, Nepetoideae, Origanum Vulgare L. Ssp Hirtum, Phenolic Acids, Phenolic Glucosides, Salvia, Thyme

From the polar extracts of Origanum vulgare L. ssp. hirtum 19 compounds have been isolated. The structures and relative stereochemistry have been elucidated by spectroscopic analysis and determined as apigenin, luteolin, chrysoeriol, diosmetin, quercetin, eriodictyol, cosmoside, vicenin-2, caffeic acid, p-menth-3-ene-1,2-diol 1-O-beta-glucopyranoside, thymoquinol 2-O-beta-glucopyranoside, thymoquinol 5-O-beta-glucopyranoside, thymoquinol 2,5-O-beta-diglucopyranoside, 12-hydroxyjasmonic acid, 12-hydroxyjasmonic acid 12-O-beta-glucopyranoside, lithospermic acid B, rosmarinic acid, 10-epi-lithospermic acid, and epi- lithospermic acid B. The three latter products display unusual stereochemistry of the 3,4-hydroxyphenyllactic acid unit(s), which to the authors' best knowledge has never been reported before in similar compounds. Moreover, lithospermic acid B (and its stereoisomers), p-menth-3-ene-1,2-diol 1-O-beta-glucopyranoside, 12-hydroxyjasmonic acid, and 12-hydroxyjasmonic acid 12-O-beta-glucopyranoside were isolated for the first time from Origanum species.

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